BIALYSTOKER SYNAGOGUE TIMELINE
1878—Bialystoker landsmen organize the Chevrah Anshei Chesed of Bialystok. The group meets in a first floor loft at 100 Hester Street (another source says 101 Hester Street). They later purchase a house at 82 Orchard Street, which they turn into a synagogue.
1893—Another group of Bialystoker landsmen organize the Adas Yeshurun Congregation on Grand Street (another source says Broome Street).
1905—A major pogrom in Bialystok, Poland touches off a wave of immigration to the Lower East Side. Both congregations quickly outgrow their space and look for larger quarters.
May 1905—Anshei Chesed purchases the Methodist Church building and the land around it for $150,000. The closing takes place on August 3, 1905, at which time the congregation makes a payment of $5,000. To finance the rest of the loan, they
In addition to Rabbi Avraham Gelernter, another early rabbi of the Bialystoker shul was Rabbi Yitzchak Leib Epstein. He notes his position in a haskama that he gave to Sefer Be’er Yitzchak by Rabbi Yitzchak Yaakov Tiktinsky written in 1919
1918—Rabbi Jacob Eskolsky, author of Sefer Habrit and Taryag Mitzvot, becomes the rabbi of the congregation, following Rabbi Gelernter. He was also a co-editor of the journal, HaMitzpe [Many thanks to Michael Escott, Rabbi Eskolsky's great grandson, for this information]
1928--The synagogue celebrates its 50th anniversary, commemorated in an anniversary journal. [Many thanks to Michael Escott, Rabbi Eskolsky's great grandson, for tracking down this journal in the Goldstein-Goren Diaspora Research Center at Tel Aviv University, and to Gennady Pasechnik, the archive's director, who graciously shared the material with Mr. Escott.]
Mitchel Eskolsky becomes the rabbi of the congregation following the
death of his father, Jacob, in 1931. In 1952, Rabbi Eskolsky
became the chair of the religious Zionist organization, Mizrachi, and
interacted with many leaders in the Jewish community, including Golda
Meir, with whom he is pictured. He
was honored in 1954 with a dinner commemorating his 25 years of service
to the congregation. The guest speaker at that dinner, held at the
Plaza Hotel, was Senator Estes Kefauver. Rabbi Eskolsky passed away in
May 3, 1953—The congregation celebrates the burning of its mortgage
1960—Rabbi Yitzchok Singer becomes the rabbi of the congregation and leads it until his death in 2001
2002—Rabbi Zvi David Romm becomes the rabbi of the congregation
[Pictures of Max and Ziesel Barth, founders of the synagogue, provided by his granddaughter Cecily Barth Firestein]
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